INCREASE IN OCEAN ACIDIFICATION

Introduction

When carbon dioxide (CO2) is absorbed by seawater, chemical reactions occur that reduce seawater pH, carbonate ion concentration, and saturation states of biologically important calcium carbonate minerals. These chemical reactions are termed “ocean acidification” or “OA” for short.

Ocean acidification is expected to impact ocean species to varying degrees. Photosynthetic algae and sea-grasses may benefit from higher CO2 conditions in the ocean, as they require CO2 to live just like plants on land. On the other hand, studies have shown that lower environmental calcium carbonate saturation states can have a dramatic effect on some calcifying species, including oysters, clams, sea urchins, shallow water corals, deep sea corals, and calcareous plankton. Today, more than a billion people worldwide rely on food from the ocean as their primary source of protein. Thus, both jobs and food security around the world depend on the fish and shellfish in our oceans.

Why oceans turning more acidic?

Oceans typically absorb about 30% of the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. But consistent air pollution has tilted that balance. When CO2 levels in the atmosphere increase, CO2 in the oceans also increase accordingly, making the oceans more acidic.

Meanwhile, rising sewage and chemical waste released into the oceans introduce nutrients that spur algae populations to bloom in the oceans. Any algae that isn’t eaten by other marine life then decomposes, releasing CO2 into the water and further lowering pH levels.

Adverse effect on Oysters & Clams

Oysters and other filter feeders suck in gunk & toxins from the ocean and pump out clean water. This clears up the water so much that it lets the underwater plants photosynthesize. Oyster shells also pile up on the ocean floor creating a reef like structure for seaweed to hold onto and fish to hide in.

An increase in CO2 being absorbed into the ocean is hurting the oysters capability to build sturdy shells by causing acidification. In this way oceans are getting more toxic day by day and harming the environment and adding to Global Warming.

AFFECTS TO BRAIN DUE TO COVID-19

Introduction

Brain being one of the most important organ in the body is also not being spared by ill-effects of COVID-19. In a recent research led by Adam Hampshire a doctor at Imperial College London, researchers found out that people recovering from COVID-19 may suffer significant brain function impacts, with the worst cases of the infection linked to mental decline equivalent to the brain ageing by 10 years.

A non-peer-reviewed study of more than 84,000 people, researchers found that in some severe cases, coronavirus infection is linked to substantial cognitive deficits for months.

Effect on Cognitive ability of Brain

Cognitive tests measure how well the brain performs tasks – such as remembering words or joining dots on a puzzle. Such tests are widely used to assess brain performance in diseases like Alzheimer’s, and can also help doctors assess temporary brain impairments.

Adam Hampshire’s team analysed results from 84,285 people who completed a study called the Great British Intelligence Test and found that the cognitive deficits were “of substantial effect size”, particularly among people who had been hospitalised with COVID-19, the researchers said, with the worst cases showing impacts “equivalent to the average 10-year decline in global performance between the ages of 20 to 70”.

Conclusion

As researchers seek to better understand the long term impact of COVID-19, it will be important to further investigate the extent to which cognition is impacted in the weeks and months after the infection, and whether permanent damage to brain function results in some people.

CONCENTRATION CAMPS RUNNING IN XINJIANG REGION, CHINA

Introduction

The Xinjiang autonomous region in China’s far west has had a long history of discord between the authorities and the indigenous ethnic Uighur population.  Most Uighurs are Muslim and Islam is an important part of their life and identity. Their language is related to Turkish, and they regard themselves as culturally and ethnically close to Central Asian nations.

Persecution of Uighurs Muslims

The Chinese government has destroyed tens of thousands of mosques and graveyards in the Xinjiang province. One million Muslims are being held right now in Chinese internment camps, according to estimates cited by the UN and U.S. officials. Former inmates—most of whom are Uighurs, a largely Muslim ethnic minority—have told reporters that over the course of an indoctrination process lasting several months, they were forced to renounce Islam, criticize their own Islamic beliefs and those of fellow inmates, and recite Communist Party propaganda songs for hours each day. 

There are media reports of inmates being forced to eat pork and drink alcohol, which are forbidden to Muslims, as well as reports of torture and death. Tahir Imin, a U.S.-based Uighur academic from Xinjiang who said he has several family members in internment camps, was not surprised to hear his religion being characterized as if it’s a disease. In his view, it’s part of China’s attempt to eradicate Muslim ethnic minorities and forcefully assimilate them into the Han Chinese majority. “If they have any ‘illness,’ it is being Uighur,” he said. In addition to Uighurs, The Washington Post  has reported that Muslim members of other ethnic groups, like the Kazakhs and the Kyrgyz, have also been sent to the camps.

While some religious sites in Xinjiang have been razed, some have been turned into official tourist attractions. Last month, Radio Free Asia had reported a public washroom being constructed on the site of a demolished mosque in Atush of Xinjiang province.

SHARKS TO BE SLAUGHTERED FOR COVID-19 VACCINE

“Human use, population and technology have reached that certain stage where Mother Earth no longer accepts our presence with Silence.”

DALAI LAMA

Introduction

Conservationists have warned that at least 5 lakh sharks are likely to be slaughtered in order to develop enough doses of an effective vaccine and immunise humankind against COVID-19

Why need Shark for Vaccine?

All vaccines consist of an immunological agent called adjuvant—meaning “to help” in Latin—which makes the vaccine more efficient by strengthening its immune response. With the help of adjuvants, vaccines can produce more antibodies, and effectively arm consumers with longer-lasting immunity against the disease. One such Adjuvant is “SQUALENE”.

As per estimates made by conservationists, around 30 lakh sharks are killed every year so that human beings can utilise squalene in cosmetics, machine oil, and other products. British pharma giant GlaxoSmithKline, which has announced mass production of 100 crore doses of the COVID-19 vaccine, has already been using shark squalene to make flu vaccines.

Disaster for Ocean Ecology

Conservationists fear that this sudden spike in demand for mass production of vaccines will not just threaten the shark population, but may eventually lead to their endangerment as well, especially considering these top predators do not reproduce in huge numbers. With top predators gone, it will severely affect the delicate ecology of the oceans.

To protect the shark species, scientists have been actively working on a synthetic version of squalene made from fermented sugar cane. But with such an enormous, urgent, and ever-increasing requirement for vaccines against the novel coronavirus, which has so far infected 3.3 crore and killed 10 lakh people around the world, the number of sharks sacrificed for its production may even exceed the predicted number and continue to soar higher and higher.

Conclusion

Not only sharks other marine animals like Horseshoe Crab is also being targeted for the production of the COVID vaccine. For more info, read article below.

thesocialvigilante.wordpress.com/2020/08/23/important-ingredient-for-covid-19-vaccine-horseshoe-crab-blood/

The measures taken by Governments to contain COVID will have very long term consequences on the environment as well as ecology of the oceans, as around 30-40% of the world population is dependent on Sea food for their livelihoods and as a staple diet.

2020 – YEAR OF SKIRMISHES AND REVOLUTIONS?

INTRODUCTION

The most common misconception which is being spread that Corona Virus treats us equally whether we are rich or poor, but in fact it doesn’t neither on medical front nor economically, socially or psychologically. Everyone these days is bit exited and optimistic about life post this lockdown, a world free from COVID-19. Posts related to “Post Lockdown Shenanigans”, “Post Lockdown trips & parties” are trending over all social media circles from Facebook to Twitter, entire world is hopeful for a better tomorrow. But are we going to see a new dawn or life is going to change forever for many. There are so many questions but only few answers, let’s find out how the world economic bodies or labour organizations foresee the life after lockdown.

Changing World Scenario

The world had become a chaotic place even before the spread of COVID-19, with rising of ISIS to extermination of Rohingyas in Myanmar to violent anti-govt. protests in India against CAA, NPR and Farmers bill.

Since the COVID-19 lockdowns world has been following big protests and skirmishes across the globe:-

  • India-China Border Dispute
  • Black Lives Matter movement in USA and across the World
  • Armenia-Azerbaijan Border Dispute
  • Protests in Hong Kong against Chinese Govt.
  • Protests in Thailand against Monarchy
  • Protests against Govt. in Belarus
  • Protests against Govt. in Israel
  • Protests by Farmers in India
  • Protests by Climate Change NGO’s in Germany against use of Fossil fuel
  • And there are many more going on in different parts of Africa, Asia and Western World

According to a count, there have been 100 large anti-govt. protests across the globe since 2017, from the Gilets Jaunes riots in a developed nation like France to demonstration against strongmen in poor countries such as Sudan, Bolivia to fighting against alleged rights for citizenship in developing country like India leading to heavy casualties. About 20 of these uprisings toppled leaders, while several others were brutally crushed and some were intervened by COVID-19, simmering until the next opportune moment post lockdown.

Predicted Economic Aftermath

The International Labour Organization has warned that this pandemic will destroy 195 million jobs worldwide and will drastically bring down the income of around 1.25 billion people of which mostly belong to low income category.

Large reduction in labour force are foreseen in the Arab states(8.1% equivalent to 5 million full-time workers), Europe(7.8% or 12 million full time workers) and Asia & Pacific(7.2% or 125 million full time workers).

Huge losses are expected across the globe within different income groups but especially in upper middle income countries(7.0%, 100 million full time workers), far exceeding the effects of the 2008-2009 global recession. More than 04 out of 05 people (81%) in the global workforce of 3.3 billion are currently affected by full or partial workplace closures.

Conclusion

People across the globe have lost their dear ones, jobs, homes and now even struggling for one time meal. With lockdown measures, rise in frustration and hunger of people, the world may have to pay a very heavy economic and social price for this pandemic. After the COVID-19 subsides, it will be interesting to note what economic measures will be taken by govt. with all their economic wells already dried up.

Many predict that this boiling pressure and exasperation will give rise to revolutions across the globe with dire consequences. The test of leadership lies ahead in front of the governments. After all one of the leader said –

“We know how to bring the economy back to life. What we do not know is how to bring people back to life.”

President Akufo-Addo

RISE OF FASCIST REGIME IN KERALA

Introduction

Communism was able to set foot in Kerala as early as in 1930’s owing to movements lead by the local peasants and labour community. Later, the Communist parties were able to establish a strong foothold in region with the help of radical section of the anti-colonial native Muslims in the Malabar region which eventually led to rise of fascist regime in the region.

For years now the systematic movement of ethnic cleansing started in the state with Hindu Dharma at the receiving end of it. In the recent past, the region is not only proactive in actions against Hindu Dharma but also funding and providing valuable human resources to different International Terrorist Organizations like ISIS,   Al-Qaeda etc.

“Love-Jihad” in Kerala

Love Jihad remains an “alleged effort” by Muslim youths to convert non-muslim community girls/women to Islam for many big media houses and newspapers, but the ground reality is shocking and an eye opener for Hindu community. According to media reports, many non-muslim girls were forcefully converted to Islam and were sent to different parts of Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq where the caliphate(ISIS) was operating. Now many of those girls/women are in the jails of Kabul, Syria pleading to Indian government for their safe return to their home states.

Similar type of incident was brought to limelight from a Kochi Marriage Registrar office, where almost 72 cases with Hindu or Brahmin girls/women of age between 18-30 years were married to Muslims youths who are indulged in petty jobs like Coolie at Railway station, Construction workers etc. Such extent of ethnic cleansing is prevailing in the state that soon Hindu dharma will be completely eradicated.

On similar grounds, a forum of Catholic Bishops representing Syro-Malabar Church in Kerala have accused that scores of Christian women in Kerala are being lured by the Muslim youths on pretext of love or marriage and are forcibly converted to Islam. The Church even stated that the Christian girls/women are even being killed in the name of Love Jihad and accused the Police and Local Administration for not taking cognizance of the rising cases of such forcible conversions and killings in the state.

A statement was given by junior Home Minister G Kishan Reddy in the parliament that – “The term “love-jihad” is not defined under the extant laws. No such case of “love-jihad” has been reported by any of the central agencies.” After reading several media house reports about Indian women’s in Kabul jail, data leaked from Kochi registrar office, serious concern by the Syro-Malabar Church, this statement from the government official rather seems preposterous in present scenario.

Increasing footprint of Islamic State in Kerala

A small group of survivors which emerged from the remnants of the Al-Qaeda in Iraq under the leadership of Abu Musab al-Zarqawi in 2004 led to chaos and destruction in the larger parts of Iraq and Syria, popularly known as ISIS(Islamic State of Iraq and Syria). Since the uprising of this group in 2013 across the international circles, it has attracted youths from all across the globe to join the caliphate. In Bharat, the hotspot for the ISIS recruitment was Kerala where several news related to Kerala Muslim youths joining the caliphate have emerged in recent past.

When Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi got killed on 26 Oct 19 and American forces along with other rebel groups were able to recapture the larger parts of Syria and Iraq from the ISIS grip, the fighters got disintegrated into rather small modules which are now operating in different parts of the world. Now many of these youths and women want to return back to India which could be catastrophic for internal security as intelligence agencies suggests that many of them would work as sleeper cells for the caliphate thereby strengthening the IS module in Bharat.

Recently the UN report on terrorism has warned that there are significant number of ISIS terrorists in Kerala and Karnataka. According to the reports ISIL Indian affiliate(Hindu Wilayah) has between 180-200 operatives active in Bharat. Delhi Police on 22 Aug 20 captured an ISIS operative from Central Delhi’s Ridge Road area, who was planning lone wolf attacks on national capitaL. Recently 09 terrorists belonging to Al-Qaeda Pakistani module were also captured of whom many belonged to Kerala. This news validates the UN report and is a wakeup call for our security agencies against the rise of ISIS in India.

Killing of RSS activists

This fascist regime in Kerala is slowly killing the RSS activists who are working for betterment of Hindu culture and society in different parts of Kerala. Between 2000-2016, in Kannur district alone many politically motivated murders were registered. Data available shows that there have been 160 political murders since 2000, where the person belonging to Hindu dharma and RSS activists were targeted by the perpetrators.

Conclusion

The Central Govt. is taking considerable efforts in West Bengal where the condition has deteriorated to the level that the proceedings of festivals like Durga Pooja, Diwali are being hampered by the other local communities and even the local administration. Central Govt. is determined on bringing changes in the state and efforts are quite visible. The UN report has already suggested the extent of spread of radical Islam in the Kerala state, but still no efforts are visible by the central govt. to curb this menace. A state which is slowly turning into a heaven for the terrorists and ethnic cleansing is on rise, it’s time for Central Govt. to interfere in the workings of the State administration and push the state govt. to bring in “Anti-Conversion” laws or India Freedom of Religion acts that are enacted to regulate religious conversions.

In recent times Munambam, Kochi has become a hotspot for illegal migration into foreign countries like New Zealand. Munambam was used as a major transit point by LTTE for trafficking refugees to Australia and other countries when it was active and now it is being used by mafias to illegally migrate people to various countries. Munambam is preferred by the mafia since more than 300 fishing boats are operated from the harbour everyday and there is no system to track them and due to absence of CCTV or any other tracking mechanism, criminal and illegal migration activities are on a rise in the area. Intelligence inputs suggest that if the authorities fail to set up fool proof security along the coasts, they could be used by terrorists and anti-national forces to carry out their illegal operations and carry attack in India equivalent to 26/11 attacks in Mumbai. Further considering all the facts above, the intelligence agencies need to increase their footprint in the region and efforts to be made by central govt. to revive the dying Hindu population in the region.

RISING GLOBAL E-WASTE

“BE A PART OF THE SOLUTION, NOT PART OF THE POLLUTION”

Introduction

The rise of technology in recent decades has been a boon to mankind. Most of the jobs which were tedious before can now be completed in minutes or seconds. One of the best example would be the Smartphone, earlier people had to wait for days to get in touch of their loved ones or pass any emergency message but now it’s just two clicks away and you can be connected to anyone across the globe.

But the rising Smart devices and other E-devices have led to rise of E-waste at a very considerable rate, more than the world was prepared for and now this is going in the form of landfills thereby polluting the land and environment. E-waste contains harmful chemicals such as barium, arsenic, lead, mercury etc. When these chemicals are broken down in landfills, they tend to leak these hazardous chemicals into surrounding air and water bodies creating a toxic environment.

Amount of E-waste produced per year

The world produces as much as 50 million tonnes of electronic and electrical waste (e-waste) a year, weighing more than all of the commercial airliners ever made. The e-waste produced annually is worth over $62.5 billion, more than the GDP of most countries. There is 100 times more gold in a tonne of e-waste than in a tonne of gold ore.

More than 44 million tonnes of electronic and electrical waste was produced globally in 2017, over six kilograms for every person on the planet. Global e-waste production is on track to reach 120 million tonnes per year by 2050 if current trends continue, according to a report from the Platform for Accelerating the Circular Economy (PACE) and the UN E-Waste Coalition.

The Rising Concerns

Less than 20% of e-waste is formally recycled, with 80% either ending up in landfill or being informally recycled – much of it by hand in developing countries, exposing workers to hazardous and carcinogenic substances such as mercury, lead and cadmium.

According to the report, in addition to health and pollution impacts, improper management of e-waste is resulting in a significant loss of scarce and valuable raw materials, such as gold, platinum, cobalt and rare earth elements. As much as 7% of the world’s gold may currently be contained in e-waste, with 100 times more gold in a tonne of e-waste than in a tonne of gold ore. The failure to recycle is also leading to shortages of rare-earth minerals to make future generations of electronic equipment.

Dumping of e-waste in 3rd World Countries

Millions of mobile phones, laptops, tablets, toys, digital cameras and other electronic devices bought in Christmas are destined to create a flood of dangerous “e-waste” that is being dumped illegally in developing countries, the UN has warned. Most of the e-waste from European countries and USA is dumped in African and Asian countries like Somalia, Ghana, India, Bangladesh etc. thereby damaging the environment and ecosystem in these poor and developing nations. An old-style CRT computer screen can contain up to three kilograms of lead, for example.

An indication of the level of e-waste being shipped to the developing world was revealed by Interpol. It said almost one in three containers leaving the EU that were checked by its agents contained illegal e-waste. Criminal investigations were launched against 40 companies. Although it is legal to export discarded goods to poor countries if they can be reused or refurbished, much is being sent to Africa or Asia under false pretenses, says Interpol.

Conclusion

It is not only the responsibility of the government to recycle the e-waste but also all the citizens must contribute in better and efficient management of  e-waste. The rising problem of e-waste and its management thereby polluting the local river bodies or land is also contributing in the factor for global warming.

Solutions include durable product design, buy-back and return systems for used electronics, ‘urban mining’ to extract metals and minerals from  e-waste, and the ‘de-materialisation’ of electronics by replacing outright device ownership with rental and leasing models in order to maximise product reuse and recycling opportunities.

AYURVEDIC HERBS FOR IMMUNITY BOOSTING AGAINST COVID-19

Following Ayurvedic herbs which are easily available near your homes or in medicine shops goes a long way in improving overall body immunity against COVID-19:-

Tulsi – Tulsi is one of the key ingredients used in Ayurvedic medicine. Tulsi, also known as the Holy Basil is popular all around the world for its medicinal properties. You can add tulsi to your kadha for immunity, herbal teas, etc, or can just chew a few leaves on empty stomach. Tulsi is rich in anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory properties and is known to improve immunity against pathogens, especially those that cause respiratory and throat infections.

Ginger – Ginger or dry ginger is used as a common ingredient in Ayurveda. Ginger is rich in antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties and is used as a common home remedy for cough and cold in the form of tea, or kadha. It can help boost immunity naturally. However, if you have a lot of body heat, or are the Pitta body type in Ayurveda, you must keep your consumption of ginger under control, especially in the summer.

Turmeric – Turmeric is one Ayurvedic ingredient that has made Ayurveda popular all around the world. With the western world adopting to the consumption of turmeric in the form of tablets, indigenously, turmeric is used as a common spice added to foods in India. Golden milk, also known as Haldi Dudh, is often used to treat muscle pains, or even as first aid in case of an injury. Turmeric contains many components that can help fight diseases.

Giloy – Giloy is an ayurvedic herb that is also hailed as the “ayurvedic root for immortality”. Giloy is a powerhouse of antioxidants which help in detoxing the body and reducing free radical activity. Giloy is also rich in anti-microbial properties and is used in various ayurvedic treatments. 

Ashwagandha – Ashwagandha is another Ayurvedic herb that has been used in various treatments. It is good for physical as well as mental health. Ashwagandha can help people with stress, anxiety or insomnia as it helps to calm the mind down. Since sleep plays such an important role in overall health, ashwagandha is an important Ayurvedic herb to keep your body and mind healthy. It is also rich in antioxidants and helps in boosting immunity.

Super Women’s of India

“THERE IS NO FORCE EQUAL TO A WOMEN DETERMINED TO RISE”

Introduction

Recently I came across an article on Bloomberg which shed light upon few of the “Women Seaweed Harvesters” in India. Being a sailor myself, I can very well appreciate the unforgiving nature of the roaring seas and how difficult it is to perform any job related to sea, be it fishing, security, transhipping etc. These women come from beautiful South Indian state of Tamil Nadu and every day they risk their lives to sketch a better future for their family and children.

Seaweed Harvest in Tamil Nadu, India

Women’s who indulge in diving and finding the seaweeds, wake up at 0500 hrs to cook meals for their kids before going to work. Around 1300 hrs they bring the seaweed to the shore, remove the waste and stones, then separate the seaweed into piles for drying. When the merchant arrives, they give him the dried seaweed and he weighs it. A day of harvesting seaweed gives these women about 300-500 rupees(5-6$) a day with which they sustain their families.

The Global Warming effect

Due to the rapid rise in Global Warming levels, the sea levels in many parts of the world have increased substantially posing further risks and threats to these women. Most of these women are neither equipped with any lifesaving equipments and solely relies on mercy of the nature.

Another adverse effect to their livelihoods is due to global warming effects, the size and density of seaweed have shrunk to significant levels. A decade ago they were able to collect more amounts of seaweed and were able to earn more, but now the deteriorating sea conditions have made a huge dent on their daily incomes leading to loss of livelihood for some.

But I salute these ladies, who fight every day like a brave soldier to sustain their families. Such “Women Empowerment” is required in every strata of our society today, not the false idols like Greta Thunberg or Yousuf Malala.

IMPORTANT INGREDIENT FOR COVID-19 VACCINE : HORSESHOE CRAB BLOOD

“THERE IS A SUFFICIENCY IN THE WORLD FOR MAN’s NEED, BUT NOT FOR MAN’s GREED.”

MAHATMA GANDHI

Introduction

Enormous amount of efforts are being made all across the globe to produce viable vaccine for COVID-19. Russia being at the forefront of this race has already come up with “Sputnik V” as the possible cure for treating corona virus. Research is still going on in other countries to come up with the vaccine with rare blue blood of “Horseshoe Crab” being the key ingredient for this process of vaccine production.

Blood of Horseshoe Crab for Vaccine

Each spring, guided by the full moon, hundreds of thousands of horseshoe crabs clamber onto beaches across the U.S. mid-Atlantic to lay their eggs. For hungry birds, it’s a cornucopia. For drug companies, it’s a crucial resource for making human medicines safe.

That’s because these animals’ milky-blue blood provides the only known natural source of limulus amebocyte lysate, a substance that detects a contaminant called endotoxin. If even tiny amounts of endotoxin—a type of bacterial toxin—make their way into vaccines, injectable drugs, or other sterile pharmaceuticals such as artificial knees and hips, the results can be deadly.

Every year, pharmaceutical companies round up half a million Atlantic horseshoe crabs, bleed them, and return them to the ocean— after which many will die.

Why Over-dependence on Horseshoe Crabs?

Catching crabs and harvesting their blood is time-consuming, and the resulting lysate costs $60,000 per gallon. In 2016, a synthetic alternative to crab lysate, recombinant factor C (rFC), was approved as an alternative in Europe, and a handful of U.S. drug companies also began using it.

But on June 1, 2020, the American Pharmacopeia, which sets the scientific standards for drugs and other products in the U.S., declined to place rFC on equal footing with crab lysate, claiming that its safety is still unproven. Starting in July, Swiss-based Lonza will begin manufacturing a COVID-19 vaccine for human clinical trials—and they’ll have to use lysate in the vaccine if they plan to sell it in the U.S.

Destroying the Habitat and Population of Horseshoe Crabs

In 1990, biologists estimated 1.24 million crabs spawned in Delaware Bay, a main egg-laying spot and prime collection point for the companies. By 2002, that number had dropped to 333,500. In recent years, numbers of Delaware Bay spawning crabs have hovered around the same amount, with the 2019 survey estimating about 335,211.

Meanwhile, conservationists are monitoring the impact to the species that rely on horseshoe crab eggs as vital food sources. Sport fish that once were numerous, such as striped bass and flounder, have plummeted in number in the region, in part due to fewer horseshoe crab eggs. Human greed is slowly consuming nature around us and we still can’t predict where this “Greed” will end or will it stop before eradicating Human Race from Planet Earth, only time will tell.